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66-96 Ford Broncos - Early & Full Size
Djk96

Weird hose I'm lost about

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I removed my intake manifold to clean my injectors because it's running Shitty. Anyways I found this weird hose behind the manifold. It looks as to it suppose to connect to a bell like object that runs to a hard line that connects to each side of the cylinder head on the flywheel side. I dunno what this hose is or what it does.

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Yo Djk96,

Please fill in your profile, so we can offer accurate information.

 

94 Bronco, correct?

If so, it could be the Cross-Over Tube in the Air Injection (AIR), Secondary Air Injection System consisting of the smog pump, Diverter Valves, solenoids & Hoses.

in a Bronco V8, Typical @ xtubenew.jpg

 

Air Injection (AIR), Secondary Air Injection; Pump (Smog Pump), Thermactor Air Bypass (TAB) & Thermactor Air Diverter (TAD) Solenoids; Diverter, Check & Bypass Valves, Cross-Over Tube, etc. Operational Description & pic; "...This pumps fresh air into the exhaust system, to burn left over hydrocarbons, lowering emissions. The computer uses 2 air valves (TAB & TAD) to control where the air flows depending on engine operation. Thermactor Air Bypass (TAB) shunts air to the atmosphere, when no air is needed. When air is needed it sends air to the second valve TAD. Thermactor Air Diverter (TAD) diverts air either to the exhaust manifold, or directly to catalytic converter..." MIESK5 NOTE; If Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor (ECT) is Below 50 degrees F, then TAB is grounded & sends air to atmosphere; If Between 50 and 190 Degrees F, Bypass Valve sends air to Diverter and to Manifold; If Over 190 Degrees F, it is in closed loop & Air goes to Catalytic Converter; Bypass when at idle/Wide Open Throttle (WOT), and with failing Oxygen Sensor. The fastest way to see if vehicle is in open loop is to see where the air is going; to Catalytic Converter, it is in Closed Loop; to Atmosphere or Manifold it is in Closed Loop, provided the thermactor system is working; miesk5 Note, Air for the Thermactor system is cleaned by means of a centrifugal filter fan mounted on the air pump driveshaft. The air filter does not require any type of replaceable element. To prevent excessive pressure, the air pump is equipped with a pressure relief valve which uses a replaceable plastic plug to control the pressure setting. The Thermactor air pump has sealed bearings which are lubricated for the life of the unit and preset rotor vane and bearing clearances, which do not require any periodic adjustments. The air supply from the pump is controlled by the air by-pass valve, sometimes called a dump valve. During engine deceleration, the air by-pass valve opens, momentarily diverting the air supply through a silencer and into the atmosphere, thus preventing backfires within the exhaust system when deceleration supplies larger-than-normal amounts of unburned fuel to the exhaust ports. check valve is incorporated in the air inlet side of the air manifolds. Its purpose is to prevent exhaust gases from backing up into the Thermactor system. This valve is especially important in the event of drive belt failure and also during deceleration, when the air by-pass valve is dumping the air supply. The air manifolds and air supply tubes channel the air from the Thermactor air pump into the exhaust ports of each cylinder, thus completing the cycle of the Thermactor system. Beginning in 1968, a conspicuous decal listing all tune-up specifications which contribute to the effectiveness of the emission control equipment is located in the engine compartment..." by Ryan M.

 

secondaryair.jpg

 

Overview & Diagram; "...The 2ndry air system is known to fail in a wide variety of ways. The check valves that prevent hot exhaust from entering the rubber hoses age, rust, leak, & crack open melting the plastic TAB & TAD valves, creating exhaust leaks that can damage other components, raising exhaust oxygen levels (setting lean codes or rich adaptive limit codes), and making rattling noises. The hard steel tubing between the exhaust & the check valve can rust or crack (especially the infamous "crossover tube" on the backs of V8 heads). The vacuum controls leak (including the coffee can reservoir on the R wheelwell) (Miesk5 NOTE, this is the Vacuum Reservoir (VRESER), it stores excess vacuum to prevent rapid fluctuations and sudden drops in a vacuum signal, such as during acceleration) get misrouted during other repairs, or the diaphragms rupture. The electronics that control the vacuum controls can fail electrically or mechanically, or the wires can be damaged. But all of these failures are either A) relatively cheap & easy to repair, or B) cheap & easy to prevent with normal inspection & maintenance..."

 

Some years have seperate vacuum operated TAD & TAB Valves; "...the Yellow Vacuum Line goes from the TAD Solenoid (driver's side forward solenoid) next to coil, to the TAD (Diverter) Valve located at the rear of the Intake Manifold. You have to climb up onto the engine to feel the Diverter Valve or remove the Intake Manifold..The Pink Vacuum Line goes from the TAB Solenoid (driver's side rear solenoid) to the passenger side (adjacent to the Vacuum Reservoir Can) and down to the bottom of the TAB (Bypass) Valve..." by Seattle FSB

...

 

 

combination-valve.jpg by Seattle FSB

 

but I Believe 94 have a combination vacuum operated TAD/TAB VALVE on cross-over tube.. Will look for some pics later.

...

 

vaclinesefi.jpg

Seperate TAD & TAB VALVES

 

....

tab-tad-evr-coil2a.jpg

TAD & TAB SOLENOIDS by Seattle FSB

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Yo,

No picture yet, but this diagram shows combination vacuum operated TAD/TAB VALVE on cross-over tube.

secondaryair50l.jpg

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Alright, my next question is would that effect it so I can't really rev my engine?

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Yo,

Depends, are vacuum hoses to the valves hanging loose back there or the valves are rusted, etc.

See my vacuum leak test BroncoZone post #20 @ http://broncozone.com/topic/23994-90-58l-getting-continuous-code-33-and-running-code-44/?p=125535

 

Is air filter clean?

 

Is transmission fluid clean and no burnt toast aroma?

 

Try a Self Test for Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTC)s by my pal, BroncoJoe19 @

http://broncozone.com/topic/14269-code-reader/?pid=74587&mode=threaded

 

Some basics;

The engine temperature must be greater than 50° F for the Key On Engine Off (KOEO) Self-Test and greater than 180° F for the Key On Engine Running (KOER) Self-Test.

 

Run it around to heat the engine up and shift thru all gears including Reverse.

Make sure A/C is off and transmission is in Park (automatic); or in Neutral for a Manual & release clutch.

Then turn off engine, all accessories/lights (close driver's door) , etc.

 

Do KOEO test First

 

Post Code(s) here according to:

KOEO

&

KOER

GL!

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